Not only do we have a general feeling for the event, but we are able to internalize our experience and learn lessons applicable on the intellectual and emotional planes and more important, on the levels of thought, speech, and practical actions. F [ ] This, in turn, will prepare us for the new year and the service of the month of Tishrei.
At that time we will learn Torah from them, as well as the Torah of Mashiach, speedily in our days. The previous Rebbeim stressed the principle that a Jew must always progress. Even once he has reached a state of ultimate perfection, he cannot remain there but must strive for further heights.
Torah study and prayer are two means of progression. Torah study represents a different order of progression: Torah, Avodah which refers to prayer , and Gemilus Chassadim deeds of kindness. It is also proper to emphasize the third service. All three types of service are necessary in order to prepare for the New Year. This verse refers to the service of Teshuvah, since circumcision and Teshuvah are similar processes: It was mentioned previously that Mashiach will reveal a level of Torah and Mitzvos incomparably higher than our own.
What should we do about this? The Baal Shem Tov explained: May this service, inspired by the concept of the Messianic redemption, bring about that state speedily in our days. Previously, I mentioned the stress placed by the previous Rebbeim on finding a practical application for each concept. In fact, this principle can be derived from an explicit statement of the Talmud: In the same way that before Pesach a separate fund — Maos Chittim — is established, now before Rosh Hashanah special monies should be raised.
Some people thought I spoke generally, not directing my remarks to them.
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Therefore, I feel the need to reiterate the request. The responsibility for this project rests first upon those who control Maos Chittim and then upon all those who participate in Maos Chittim. The more actively one is involved and the more generous his gift, the more praiseworthy his efforts are. Some general information is necessary in order to understand the next Sicha. For this reason, many Jews ceased to lend money as the seventh year approached.
To encourage loans, Hillel instituted a custom, the Pruzbol, which allows one to demand repayment even after the seventh year. Then the loan is no longer a private matter. This can be done by writing up a legal document Shtar, in Hebrew or even by verbal agreement. In Shulchan Aruch the Alter Rebbe writes that today a Pruzbol is not obligatory since loans are generally made with either the expressed or understood condition that they be repaid even after the seventh year.
Basing his remarks on these facts, the Rebbe continued. Another practical step is also necessary. In this manner, everyone can approach them and transfer their loans to them. True, a Shtar is not necessary; according to Shulchan Aruch, a verbal agreement is sufficient. Furthermore, the pleasure of Shabbos even affects the nature of the food served on Shabbos, to the degree that a non-Jew can detect a special taste in Shabbos food. The Talmud Shabbos a brings out this concept in a story about a gentile who tasted a dish that a Jew had prepared for Shabbos and wondered how the food had such a unique favor.
Sichos In English, Volume 3 — Nissan-Elul 5739
Another factor brings out the connection between this year and Shabbos. In the letter, which I sent out for Rosh Hashanah, I emphasized how the coming year is distinct from the other years. The Torah declares that the Jewish people are a holy nation. Therefore, a Jew must always be holy. Even in the midst of our daily activities we can be holy be following the directives of the Torah which was given by G-d, the ultimate source of holiness.
Nevertheless, that holiness does not approach the holiness of the Sabbatical year, when a Jew must be even holier. The parallel between the seventh year and the Shabbos helps explain this issue.
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During the six days of the week, a Jew must be holy. Therefore, he separates himself from non-Kosher foods and non-Kosher customs and actions.
Nevertheless, when the Shabbos comes he becomes holier. In good, in holiness and in all things connected with G-d we can always proceed higher. Therefore, regardless of his level of holiness during the week, on Shabbos he can reach higher peaks. The same applies in the Sabbatical year.
It is holier than the previous six years. This concept further emphasizes that the resolution made this coming Rosh Hashanah must have a special holiness. The implications of the Shemitah year are expressed in matters between man and man.
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When G-d set up the order in which a Jew has to rely on another for a loan, He declared that in the seventh year, one must absolve all debts owed him and have faith that his kindness will not only not bring loss but rather greater riches since has fulfilled this command of G-d. From this, it is understandable that all of our deeds and actions in the coming year must specifically emphasize that we will increase our efforts in the activities that bring one Jew closer to another.
That is to say, we must help every Jew. Even in case when one has already done a Jew a favor and lent him money and later the money is needed for his own sustenance, the Torah teaches that in the seventh year, he must release the borrowers from his obligation. In particular they should have blessings in all the matters connected with the Shemitah year.
The above-mentioned is applicable to all men and women, young and old. However, since this particular gathering is made up of women, girls including even very young girls a special lesson that is applicable to women must be derived. That lesson is connected to the concept of Shabbos.
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